RAD 140 : Testolone studies are still being produced, but it has been known to have equal potency and effectiveness to that of LGD4033. Dosages ranged between 20mg to 30 mg per 24-36 hours for maximum skeletal muscle hypertrophy. Safe durations for research have been tolerated for up to 12 weeks, however, developing trials may indicate tolerance for up to 24 weeks. It is important to note that RAD140 systematically regulates the neuroexcitatory amino acid Kainate which activates glutamate receptors in the brain. Kainate acid’s role in neuronal cell death (specifically in the hippocampus) has been shown to be a primary contributor to Alzheimer’s disease. RAD140 has demonstrated positive results in the prevention of Kainate acid production and medical based research published by The Endocrine Society suggests RAD140 can improve brain health through neuroprotective properties in as little as 13 days (Jayaraman, 2014). This characteristic of nonsteroidal SARMs is not added in the General Benefits section of this article because it is exclusive only to RAD140.
Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).